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Thus, you have to be international to manage the cultural and market differences with a single vision. You have to recognise the value of all internal partners regardless their origin Italian HRM Director. How to interpret these examples? These examples show how difficult it is to formulate the ideal profile of the international manager.
It is not more the person who has work experience abroad than the one who followed cross-cultural management workshops.
Cultural complexity and complexity evolution
Koenig , p. According to Genelot , pp. A system that is composed of three elements: the paradigm, the context and the objective. A new perspective on cultural complexity? The debate on the external culture national cultural context and internal culture organizational culture of a company causes antagonism between the researchers in the field of intercultural management.
Referring to the article of Meschi and Roger , p. The idea has been widespread that organizational culture moderates or erases the influence of national culture. It assumed that employees working for the same organization even if they are from different countries are more similar than different Adler, , p. What means culture?
Cultural complexity: a new epistemological perspective | Emerald Insight
And if this term had only one meaning? Genelot , p. Can one thus state that a change of culture would only be a change in representations? How to approach the cultural problematic of organizations? This does not mean to imply a complete adhesion to the selected paradigm. He adds that a paradigm is made up by a certain type of extremely strong logical relation between the main concepts, the key concepts, the key principles Morin, , p. According to Wunenburger , p. Indeed, Prigogine , p.
Complexity thinking is presented in the form of a new paradigm born both from the development and the limits of contemporary sciences. And we think that the paradigm of complexity seems more appropriate for studying culture in organizations, since it is not unaware of interference and interaction between human beings and to their organizational environment.
Morin , p. This approach perfectly joined the definition of the concept given by Sackmann on the cultural complexity quoted in the introduction.
Morin insists on the fact that complexity is not only the problem of the object but also that of the method used to acquire knowledge about this object. It are these basic principles which we will develop below. What is complexity thinking? The concepts of complexity thinking are different from positivistic epistemology. As stated by Bachelard , p. In his interview with Benkirane , pp.
The first separates the objects of knowledge from their context whereas the other principle, even if it distinguishes the objects, interconnects them. In their study of complexity literature, Richardson and Cillers , p. According to this school, if ones assumes that organizations are indeed complex systems, a fundamental shift in the way sense is made of our surroundings is necessary Baets, , The concept of complexity.
He tries to give a definition of the concept of complexity by using a descriptive approach of the characteristics. The notion of complexity. Complexity thinking. He defines complexity thinking as another way of thinking that does not seek to complicate but to open thinking towards other conceptual fields and to progress towards the comprehension of the complex. To understand complexity it is to know how to accept ambiguity, contradiction, the inaccuracy of the concepts and the phenomena and to accept the unexplainable Morin, , p.
For him, if complexity in the first place seems to belong to the quantitative, it does not, however, only comprise quantities of units and of interactions, it has in a certain way always something to do with likelihood. One can conclude with Morin and Le Moigne , p. Complexity thinking and its principles. For better seizing the paradigm of complexity, Morin , pp. Larrasquet , p. These problems are for him not more of the network type than of the vertical type.
The third principle of complexity stated by Morin, the principle of recursivity, is for him also linked to the hologrammic principle. Le Moigne , p.
This means that we will recognize our models, not as representations of reality but because they agree with our experience of reality. In search of the fundamental principle of the organization, Larrasquet , p. Wunenburger , p. Self-referencing is only conceivable in relation with others, there is no autonomy or conscience without relation to others.
That does not have sense. What does complexity thinking mean for the cultural problematic in organizations? By applying the concepts and principles of complexity thinking to the organizations, we can offer an new approach to think about culture in globalizing business world, and a link between individual, culture and organizations:. This implication, this engagement of the people by favouring the intelligence, the creativity,Larrasquet , p.
However, Morin, in his interview with Benkirane , p. The strategy remains the keyword, because only strategy makes it possible to advance in the doubt and it can be modified as one advances in the investigation. This word strategy is taken again by Larrasquet , p. In this contribution we have proposed another epistemology to approach the cultural complexity of international organizations through the complexity thinking paradigm. First, we have argued with Morin and Le Moigne , p. Second, we have outlined the concepts and principles which forms the framework of this paradigm, and we have given some examples in applying them.
We are convinced that further research on theses issues related to the culture of organizations using this theoretical approach will be usefully to learn about the cultural complexity of the globalization business world.
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In this paper an attempt is made to discuss the conditions for organizational learning, rather than the process itself. Adler, N. Baets, W. Benkirane, R. Le Pommier, Paris, 18 Histoires de Sciences,. Berthoin-Antal, A. Browaeys, M.
Genelot, D. Save my selection. Nembhard, Ingrid M. However, little is known about the cultures of medical groups , which play an important role in health care.